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Langford Excavation 2010-2011:Summary  
Trent & Peak Archaeology  Established 1967
Trent & Peak Archaeology is a trading name of York Archaeological Trust for Excavation and Research. Limited Registered Office: 47 Aldwark, York, YO1 7BX A Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England No. 1430801 A registered Charity in England & Wales (No. 509060) and Scotland (No. SCO42846)
 
The excavation site is situated within the Trent Valley, comprising an area of c.520m by 350m located on the south side of Tarmacís Langford Quarry, Nottinghamshire.  Most of the site comprises sand and gravel of the gravel terrace of the gravel terrace, while along the west side runs a relict channel of the Trent, now filled with clay and peat.  The excavation was conducted on behalf of Tarmac by Trent & Peak Archaeology (part of York  Archaeological Trust), led by Lee Elliott and Peter Webb.  Along with a professional team the opportunity was taken to run training sessions in excavation and post-excavation techniques involving over 110  students, society members and local people.  Previously only known from limited cropmark evidence, excavation has proven the site to be substantially  bigger.  Several periods of activity are represented on the site ranging from the Neolithic (4000BC) to a f ormer 19th century farmhouse.  The Neolithic to Bronze Age (4000BC - 800BC) was represented by a large amount of flint and pottery from several surface scatters, a small number of pits and a ring ditch (probably former burial mound c.20m in diameter).  A particularly significant finds was a rare stone macehead.  The Mid to Late Iron Age (400BC - 42AD) was represented by a collection of dir=tched enclosures incorporating pits and circular gullies for round houses and stack-stands (stores for hay).  The most substantial remains on site were of a Romano-British (42AD - 400AD) village/hamlet like settlement c.200m by 180m in size.  This comprised trackways along which were located several sub-rectangular ditched enclosures containing various forms of activity including building remains, wells, corn drying, animal coralling/butchery and human burial.  The presence of eight stone lined wells is an unprecedented total for a Romano-British site in Nottinghamshire. They have provided potentially significant environmental evidence and artefacts (including near complete pots).  Outside the settlement core lay ditched field systems for animals and possibly crops.  A substantial range of artefacts has been recovered including pottery, metalwork (coins, brooches, pins, nails, buckles),  worked wood, animal bone, leather, glass, as well as palaeoenvironmental evidence.  This group of finds/material comprises one of the largest and most significant collections ever recovered from a rural Romano-British site along the Trent Valley.  Together they provide fresh insights into everyday rural life during this period.  Evidence was also recovered of Early Anglo-Saxon settlement (c.410AD - 649AD) in the form of pits, postholes and the remains of sunken floored buildings.  A wide range of artefacts was recovered including pottery, glass  beads, pins, spindle whorls, loom-weights, brooches and animal bone.  The pottery recovered comprises one of the largest collections of Anglo-Saxon domestic pottery found along the Trent Valley.  Together with the other finds  this adds significantly to the understanding of the cultural wealth of the Early Anglo-Saxon rural settlement of the Trent Valley, with few sites of this type yet discovered and excavated.  During the medieval period (c.1066AD - 1539AD), most of the site formed part of the field system of the nearby village of Langford and was covered by ridge and furrow.  Several items have been recovered from this period including coins, lead weights, a buckle and a mount.  This hints at the former wealth of the village which is now  shrunken to a small hamlet, with earthworks indicating its previous extent.